The functional CV uses the target job’s key skills as section headings.

Pros …

  • Gaps in employment are less obvious.
  • No continual repetition of skills.
  • Skills, capabilities, and accomplishments are emphasised and prioritised according to importance rather than chronology.
  • Highly relevant skills are brought forward to the important top third of the document.

Cons …

  • This is not the traditional format and the reader could suspect that you have something to hide, such as gaps in employment or a history of job hopping.
  • Does not emphasise career development and promotions.
  • It is not easy to see what you did when.

Use it to …

  • Highlight your skills and achievements, including those from past experience.
  • Draw attention to skills and achievements gained outside of employment.
  • Avoid repeating skills and responsibilities.